Nayl al-Farqadayn fi Mas’alat Raf` al-Yadayn
(Clarity on the Ruling of Lifting of the Hands in Prayer)
by ‘Allamah Muhammad Anwar Shah Kashmiri
The ruling pertaining to the lifting of both hands at the time of going into ruku` (the bowing position in Salah) and sujud (prostration) has been a matter of contention from the very early stages of Islam.
In this work Shah Sahib explains all the Ahadith which are apparently for and against such a practice and concludes by pointing out that the Hanafi view ought to be upheld in this regard i.e. that the hands should be raised only once at the time of the commencement of the salah and that would be in conformity with the sunnah of the Prophet (s.a.w.s.)
Shah Sahib wrote this 145-page book in Arabic while he was teaching in Deoband. In its introduction he states that his intention for writing this book was not to prove that lifting of the hands in salah is correct or incorrect, since there were Ahadith that justify both such practices. However, in this work, he made an attempt to elaborate upon the preferred opinion on this matter.