Lāmiʿ al-Darārī ʿalā Jāmiʿ al-Bukhārī


(Arabic commentary notes on Ṣaḥῑḥ al-Bukhāri from the lectures of Imām Rashῑd Aḥmad Gangohi, by his student, Mawlānā Muḥammad Yaḥya Kāndhlawi. Later edited, annotated and published by the latter’s son, Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya Kāndhlawi) 


لامع الدراري على جامع البخاري

وهي إفادات الإمام رشيد أحمد الجنجوهي (ت 1323) ، جمعها وقيدها الشيخ محمد يحيى الكاندهلوي (1334) مع تعليقات لنجل الشيخ الكاندهلوي – الإمام العلامة المحدث الشيخ محمد زكريا الكاندهلوي – رحمهم الله تعالى (ت 1402\1982)

Shaykh al-Islām Mawlānā Sayyid Ḥusayn Aḥmad Madani’s desire that Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya Kāndhlawi work on Lāmi῾ al-Darāri ῾alā Jāmi῾ al-Bukhāri

In his autobiography (Āp Bῑti), Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya Kāndhlawi (may Allāh have mercy upon him) mentions how he was regularly pressured by Shaykh al-Islām Mawlānā Sayyid Ḥusayn Aḥmad Madani (may Allāh have mercy upon him) to work on Lāmi῾ al-Darāri ῾alā Jāmi῾ al-Bukhāri, which was, at the time, in handwritten note form. These notes were written by his late father, Mawlānā Muḥammad Yaḥya Kāndhlawi, when he attended the Ṣaḥῑḥ al-Bukhāri lectures of his shaykh and master, Imām Rashῑd Aḥmad Gangohi. He would capture these priceless pearls in Urdu during the Ṣaḥῑḥ al-Bukhāri lessons and later render them to Arabic. These notes would then be shared with fellow students, who would copy them into their note books.

While the work on Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya’s huge and monumental Awjaz al-Masālik ila Muwaṭṭa Mālik (an encyclopedic commentary on the Muwaṭṭa of Imām Mālik – may Allāh have mercy upon him) was in progress, he could not dedicate any time for this.[1] Shaykh al-Islām Mawlānā Sayyid Ḥusayn Aḥmad Madani went to the extent of asking that Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya postpone the work on Awjaz al-Masālik in order to work on Lāmi῾ al-Darāri. He once said to Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya, “What use will it be, when you will publish it (Lāmi῾ al-Darāri) after my death? If you published it during my lifetime, I could have benefited from it.” When the work on Awjaz al-Masālik was completed in Dhu ‘l-Ḥijja 1375, Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya commenced work on Lāmi῾ al-Darāri. When the first four [portions] of the book were published and presented to Shaykh al-Islām Mawlānā Sayyid Ḥusayn Aḥmad Madani, his face lit up with joy.  Shortly thereafter, on 12 Jumada ‘l-Ūla 1377, Shaykh al-Islām Mawlānā Sayyid Ḥusayn Aḥmad Madani passed away. Details of this is mentioned by Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya in his exhaustive introduction to Lāmi῾ al-Darāri ῾alā Jāmi῾ al-Bukhāri.

When the work on Lāmi῾ al-Darāri was completed on 10 Rabῑ῾ al-Awwal 1388, Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya arranged a thanksgiving dinner, to which he invited approximately 100-150 close acquaintances and teachers of the madrasah. However, as he states in his autobiography, word somehow got around in India and approximately a thousand people turned up for the dinner! Nevertheless, they were all very well catered for.[2]

All praise be to Allāh Most Magnificent. This amazing work has seen various publications since the lifetime of the author, both in lithographic format and modern print (typewriter) format. It is currently being prepared for a modern edited publication by more than one researcher (as separate, unconnected projects) and is expected to be printed soon. Judging by the recently-published commentary notes on the Jāmi῾ al-Tirmidhi (Al-Kawkab al-Durriyy ῾alā Jāmi῾ al-Tirmidhi) from the lectures of Imām Rashῑd Aḥmad Gangohi by his student, Mawlānā Muḥammad Yaḥya Kāndhlawi, which, like Lāmi῾ al-Darāri, were later edited, annotated and published by the latter’s son, Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya Kāndhlawi, and re-published in modern computer print from Amman (1438/2017) in 8 large volumes (with an additional ninth volume containing the Shamā̕il al-Tirmidhi), Lāmi῾ al-Darāri is likely to be published in 20-30 volumes. Just the introduction, when typed on computer, is likely to expand over two volumes. This introduction – and indeed the entire book – is packed with priceless pearls.   

When this masterpiece is eventually published, it will, without doubt, be a great addition to the genre of classical ḥadῑth commentary literature that has been long overdue, and it will be a major contribution to the study of Ṣaḥῑḥ al-Bukhāri.   

Abu Asim Badrul Islam
Northampton, ENGLAND
17 Rabῑ῾ al-Ākhir 1440/25 December 2018

Front cover of my personal copy of the large 3-volume handwritten edition, which I used during my year of Ṣaḥῑḥ al-Bukhāri study at Jāmi῾ah Dār al-῾Ulūm in Karachi (1424/2003).

Inside pages of the old handwritten edition.

A couple of notes that I had made regarding the book, during our study of Ṣaḥῑḥ al-Bukhāri at Jāmi῾ah Dār al-῾Ulūm in Karachi (1424/2003).


[1] Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya Kāndhlawi mentions in his autobiography how work on Awjaz al-Masālik ila Muwaṭṭa̕ Mālik had taken thirty years of his life. He says that his youth was spent on this work. The delay in completion of Awjaz al-Masālik was due to his extremely busy and highly multi-faceted life, in which he accomplished what entire organisations cannot accomplish in the same time. He recalls in his autobiography how he had commenced work on Awjaz al-Masālik, which is a commentary on Imām Mālik’s ḥadῑth collection, the Muwaṭṭa̕, as he was residing in Madῑnah Munawwarah at the time and the Muwaṭṭa̕ is a relatively small book of ḥadῑth. He thought that he would be able to complete the commentary in a year or so. Indeed, this was what it initially seemed like, as he had completed the first one and a half volumes of the original manuscript, whilst in Madῑnah Munawwarah, in two to three months. Because of this intention, he had named the book Awjaz al-Masālik ila Muwaṭṭa̕ Mālik (The shortest of paths to the [comprehension] of the Muwaṭṭa̕ of Mālik). However, as he progressed, the depth and detail in the work kept increasing and it eventually became what it is today. He says that during these thirty years he had to halt the work on Awjaz al-Masālik for two years in order to work on Al-Kawkab al-Durriyy ῾alā Jāmi῾ al-Tirmidhi (see my article on this book).

It was the desire of his teacher, shaykh and mentor, Imām Khalῑl Aḥmad Sahāranpūri, that Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya Kāndhlawi write a detailed commentary on the Jāmi῾ al-Tirmidhi in a similar style as Badhl al-Majhūd ῾alā Sunan Abῑ Dāwūd, which they had both co-authored. For this reason, he intended to write a quick commentary on the Muwaṭṭa̕ of Imām Mālik. However, after thirty years in writing Awjaz al-Masālik and other smaller works in between, he no longer had the health, energy or lifespan to embark on the mammoth task of writing a detailed commentary on the Jāmi῾ al-Tirmidhi.

By the grace of Allāh Most Magnificent, Awjaz al-Masālik ila Muwaṭṭā Mālik has seen countless publications since the lifetime of the author. It has recently been re-published in 18 large and beautiful volumes by Dār al-Qalam (Damascus). Likewise, Al-Kawkab al-Durriyy ῾alā Jāmi῾ al-Tirmidhi has recently been re-published by Arūqah (Amman, 1438/2017) in 8 large volumes, with an additional ninth volume containing the Shamā̕il al-Tirmidhi.

[2] Taken from the 506-page biography of Shaykh al-Ḥadῑth Mawlānā Muḥammad Zakariyya – Sawāniḥ-e-῾Umri – by Shaykh ῾Āshiq-e-Ilāhi Bulandshehri, p.434-435, Ma῾had al-Khalῑl al-Islāmi (Karachi, 1417).

Resources for Introduction to Hadith Sciences

بسم الله و الحمد لله

 

مقدمة في أصول الحديث  
al-Muhaddith Abd al-Haqq al-Dehlawi

(كشف المغيث (شرح مقدمة في أصول الحديث للدهلوي
Mufti Shu’aybullah Khan al-Miftāhi

شرح المنظومة البيقونية
Shaykh Abdullah Sirājuddin

نزهة النظر شرح نخبة الفكر
Imam Ibn Hajr al-‘Asqalāni (tahqīq of Shaykh Nūruddīn ‘Itr)

القول المبتكر على شرح نخبة الفكر
Allāmah Qāsim ibn Qutlūbugha

شرح شرح نخبة
Mulla Ali al-Qārī

ما لا يستغني عنه المحدث و الفقيه
Mawlana Abd al-Halīm al-Nu’māni al-Chishti

الرفع و التكميل في الجرح و التعديل
Imam Abd al-Hayy al-Laknawi

أصول التخريج و دراسة الأسانيد
Shaykh Mahmud al-Tahhān

 

Additional resources:

دراسات في أصول الحديث على منهج الحنفية
Shaykh Abd al-Majīd al-Turkmāni
(Although this is a copy of the 1st edition, the latest edition available is the 4th which was published in 1436AH/2015CE by Maktabah al-Kawthar of Jāmi’ah al-Rashīd in Karachi, Pakistan.

قواعد في علوم الحديث
Mawlana Żafar Ahmad Uthmāni (tahqīq of Shaykh Abd al-Fattāh Abu Ghuddah)

أنواع المصنفات في الحديث النبوي
Mufti Shu’aybullah Khan al-Miftāhi

أحسن الخبر في مبادئ علم الأثر
Mawlana Muhammad Hasan Jān al-Shaheed

القواعد الأساسية في علم مصطلح الحديث
Shaykh Muhammad bin ‘Alawi al-Māliki

تيسير مصطلح الحديث
Shaykh Mahmud al-Tahhān

مقدمة في أصول التعديل و التجريح
Imam Abu al-Walīd al-Bājī al-Mālikī (tahqīq & ta’līq of Mufti Shu’aybullah Khan)

المنهل اللطيف فى أصول الحديث الشريف
Shaykh Muhammad bin ‘Alawi al-Māliki

تدوين الحديث
Mawlānā Manāzir Ahsan al-Jīlānī (ta’rīb by Mawlānā Dr. Abd al-Razzāq Iskandar, takhrīj of Dr. Bashār Awwād Ma’rūf)

Makers of Islamic Civilization: Bukhari
Dr. Ghassan Abd al-Jabbar

The Science of Rijal as a Method in the Study of Hadith
Dr. Iftikhar Zaman

Introduction to Hadith
Mufti Ebrahim Desai

The Preservation of Hadith – A Brief Introduction To The Science of Hadith
Shaykh Ibrahim Madani

Review: Muwatta’ al-Imam Malik: Riwayat al-Shafi’i ‘an Malik

Book Review: ‘Muwatta’  al-Imam Malik: Riwayat al-Shafi’i ‘an Malik’, al-Banjari, Muhammad Lutfi, Karachi: Majlis al-Da’wah wa al-Tahqiq al-Islami, 357 pages

By Maulana Zeeshan Chaudri

The Muwatta’ of Imam Malik (d.179) requires no introduction as 100s of books have been written over the centuries studying various aspects of the goldmine. This collection of Malik demonstrates the juristic acumen and expertise of the mujtahid of Medina. Interest in the book has transcended madhhab affiliations with even one of the famous transmission of the book coming via the student of Imam Abu Hanifah (d.150), Imam Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani (d.182). Malik’s Muwatta’ had many transmitters[1] and it became a debate amongst later Hadith experts as whose transmission from Malik was the most superior?Read More »

Book Review: Hanafi Principles of Testing Hadith

Review by: Waqar Akbar Cheema

Title: Hanafi Principles of Testing Hadith 
Author: Atabek Shukurov An-Nasafi / Sulaiman Ahmed (translator)  
Publisher: Avicenna Academy, UK  
Release Date: May 1, 2015  
Format: Hardback  
Pages: ix + 311  

The book is allegedly an attempt at revival of hanafi methdology in hadith. However, in reality far from representing the hanafi school’s actual approach it is an attempt at putting a ‘scholarly’ garb on compromising hadith as a source of Islamic law and etiquette in view of the pressing polemics and criticism coming from a different world-view.

Read More »

The Life of Muhammad: A Critique of Guillaume’s English Translation

By Dr. ‘Abdul Latif Tibawi

Professor Guillaume is not merely offering a translation of the received text of the biography of Muhammad, as recorded by Ibn Hisham from al-Bakka’i, from Ibn Ishaq. His work is a translation of his own reconstruction of Ibn Ishaq ….

… one gathers from the concluding words on page v that the translator hopes that his translation will ‘help to further cooperation and friendliness between my country and the Islamic world.’ This is an aim which is, of course, more expedient than academic, but it is nevertheless a commendable one, formulated as it is by a student of Islam who is at the same time an Anglican clergyman. It is difficult, however, to see how a profane transformation of the received text of the life of Muhammad such as is attempted by Professor Guillaume is likely to commend itself to the Islamic world.Read More »

مؤلفات علماء ديوبند فيما يتعلق بالحديث الشريف

1- حاشية صحيح بخاري حاشية ضخمة على صحيح البخاري، أحمد علي سهارنبوري.
2- التعليقات والحواشي على سنن الترمذي، أحمد علي سهارنبوري.
3- التعليقات والحواشي على مشكاة المصابيح. أحمد علي سهارنبوري.
4- بذلُ المَجهود في شرح سنن أبي داؤد، مولانا الشيخ خليل أحمد سهارنبوري، والتعليقات العلمية عليه للشيخ زكريا كاندهلوي.
5- فتحُ المُلهم في شرح مسلم ، شبير أحمد عثما ني.
6- فيض الباري بشرح صحيح البخاري، عربي، إمام العصر أنورشاه كشميري.
7- اَلعَرفُ الشّذِي على جامع الترمذي، أنورشاه كشميري.
8- الكوكبُ الدُّرّي على جامع الترمذي، عربي، حضرة كنكوهي.
9- اَلنّفعُ الشّـذِي شـرح الترمذي، أردو، حضرة كنكوهي.
10- شرح سنن أبي داؤد، عربي، إمام العصر كشميري.Read More »