Placing the Hands Below the Navel and the Manner of Placing

By ‘Allamah Zafar Ahmad al-‘Uthmani

Translated by Zameelur Rahman

1. Narrated from Abu Hazim from Sahl bin Sa‘d (Allah be pleased with him), he said: “The people were ordered to place one’s right hand on his left forearm in Salah.” Abu Hazim said “I do not know it [i.e. this order] but that it is traced to the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace).” Al-Bukhari narrated it.

I say: In this and similarly in what [comes] after it until the hadith of Wa’il is proof of the sunnah-status of fastening the hands in Salah, and an explanation of its description, in that the right hand is [placed] over the left hand, not vice versa. This is from that which the Imams have agreed upon in its being sunnah, and they differed only over the site of placing the hands as will come.

  1. Narrated from Jabir (Allah be pleased with him), he said “The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace) passed by a man while he was praying, having placed his left hand on the right, so he caught hold of it and placed the right hand over the left.” Ahmad and al-Tabrani in al-Awsat narrated it; its narrators are the narrators of the Sahih. (Majma‘ al-Zawa’id)

New Books by Dr. Sa’id Bakdash

Mawlana Badrul Islam shared this information recently:

For those who are not already aware, you will be pleased to know that as part of his on-going remarkable efforts to publish the famous works of the Hanafi imams (rahimahumullah) in very high quality tahqiq and ta’liq, Shaykh Dr. Sa’id Bakdash of Madinah Munawwarah (son-in-law of Shaykh Muhammad ‘Awwamah) has recently published the following mutun:

Kanz al-Daqa’iq of Imam Al-Nasafi, 720 pages

Al-Mukhtar of Imam Al-Mawsili,
560 pages

Nur al-Idah– this is currently at the press in Beirut.

Those who have had the opportunity to see Shaykh Sa’id Bakdash’s two recently-published superb works, Sharh Mukhtasar al-Tahawi of Imam Abu Bakr Jassas al-Razi (in 8 large volumes) and Al-Lubab fi Sharh al-Kitab of ‘Allamah ‘Abd al-Ghani Al-Maydani (in 6 large volumes) would know the distinct quality of his tahqiq and the effort that he must be putting in to these works.

أبو عاصم بدر الإسلام
Northampton, England.

Lectures on the developmen​t of the Shafi’i Madhab – Shaykh Taha Karaan

The following short lecture series by Shaykh Taha Karaan methodologically covers the historical development of the Shafi’i school of Islamic Law (Madhab): [See update below]. This includes the Usuli development in the school, major figures that propagated the madhab, evolution of the madhab in different geographical locations including the impact they had on the outlook of the school, and the personalities that undertook the task of synthesizing or refining the variant opinions within the madhab.

This is an excellent resource for anyone wishing to gain deeper appreciation for the  intricate details and the complex machinery that went into the development of the Shafi’i madhab and by extension similar efforts in 3 other existing Sunni Schools of Law (Hanafi, Maliki, and Hanbali).

Additionally, even if one is not a Shafi’i in Fiqh it is instructive nonetheless to listen, benefit, and learn from this lecture series. This is due to the overwhelming influence Shafi’i Usul has had on the development of Usul Al Fiqh. Setting the trend for leading personalities in other three existing schools (Hanafi, Maliki and Hanbali) to codify their own. However, it is little known to many that Shafi’i Usul Al Hadith (hand in hand with Usul Al Fiqh) had a tremendous impact on the direction of the science of hadith verification.  In this case it can be added that Shafi’i Usul Al Hadith was further refined by Muhaddiths and has now assumed the role of the defacto Usul Al Hadith. Hence, it is often lost to the layman that when one verifies hadith using the existing tools of Jarh Wa Ta’dil they are doing so based on what can be broadly termed a developed Shafi’i Usul Al Hadith, just like there was Hanafi Usul Al Hadith and Maliki Usul Al Hadith to go with the respective schools of Usul Al Fiqh.
Update (February 8th, 2015): The link above is broken, however interested listeners can access Shaykh Taha Karaan’s lectures on this topic via the embedded links below:
  1. Legacy of the Shafi’i madhab in South Africa
  2. Maintaining our Islamic Identity
  3. The curriculum beginning
  4. The Shafi’i Madhab and it’s scholars
  5. Question And Answer (Public – 01)
  6. Question And Answer (Public – 02)
  7. Question And Answer – 01
  8. Question And Answer – 02
  9. Question And Answer – 03
  10. Question And Answer – 04

Please leave a comment below if any of the above links are broken or improperly linked to a different audio than what the lecture topics read. We will try our best to fix the problem as soon as possible, insha’Allah.

Review: Al-Maharah al-Usuliyyah wa Atharuha fi Indaj al-Fiqh wa Tajdidihi

Reviewed by Shaykh Musa Furber

I highly recommend this to those interested in the renewal, expansion, and application of fiqh.

The first part gives a summary introduction to legal sources (Quran, sunnah, legal analogy, scholarly consensus, presumption of continuation, blocking & opening the means, juristic preference, etc…); the development and use of maxims; and the various types of rulings (e.g., rulings according to legal theorists, rulings according to legists, and rulings concerning personal responsibility versus contextual factors). The summary of legal sources, maxims, and rulings concentrates on how the three work in concert with the larger corpus of legal rulings to renew rulings for issues where the context has changed, to expand by providing rulings for new issues, and to apply issues to particular cases. The second part then applies the above to the issues of drug trafficking and abortion of pregnancies resulting from rape; in light of existing rulings concerning armed robbery, self-defense, and torts.

The author has written widely on contemporary fiqh issues. One of the strengths of his approach is that it does not see Islam legal heritage as the problem, but rather the solution.


Usul al-Ifta’ wa Adabuhu by Mufti Muhammad Taqi al-‘Uthmani

On a blessed day, I was blessed with a wonderful gift from Mawlana Muhammad Chothia. This book was used for many years by ifta’ students at Dar al-‘Ulum Karachi in handwritten form. Basically a collection of lecture notes from Hadrat’s past lectures on the principles of ifta’, the notes were finally reviewed, edited, and approved for publication by Shaykhuna Mufti Muhammad Taqi Sahib himself. A friend and colleague, Mufti Shakir Jakura, worked with Hadrat on the project. This is an essential and fluid read for every student of ifta’.

Usul al-Ifta’ wa Adabuhu 

Resources for the Biography of Imam Abu Hanifah al-Nu’man ibn Thabit

The Biography of Imam Abu Hanifa – Arabic books

مناقب  الإمام  أبو حنيفة  وصاحبيه  للحافظ  الذهبي

تبييض  الصحيفة  في  مناقب  الإمام  أبو  حنيفة للشيخ  جلال  الدين  السيوطي  الشافعي

كتاب  منازل  الأئمة  الأربعة  إمام  أبي  زكريا  يحيى بن  إبراهيم

كتاب  الخيرات  الحسان  لابن  حجر  الهيتمي

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