The Thulathiyat Traditions in the Hadith Collections

Introduction

A special, and not very well-known topic, even amongst scholars according to our teacher Mohammed Daniel ḥafiẓahullah, during one of his lessons with regards to the hadith – sciences, is the topic of the so called ‘thulāthiyyāt’ traditions (aḥādīth) or
narrations about the Prophet (upon him blessings and peace).

Thulāthiyyāt traditions are those specific traditions that only have three narrators (in the chain of narration c.q. sanad/isnād) -also called ‘links’ in Orientalist hadithliterature or discourse 1 – between the one who relates the tradition (in other words: the fourth person in the chain of narration) and the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). These three narrators would consequently be a Saḥābi, a Tābi’i and a Tābi’i at-Tābi’i. As for the one who relates the tradition: this mainly concerns a well-known name/scholar in the field of hadith i.e. a compiler or author of a major and well-known hadith – collection (in the past) like Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim and so on.

See here: Thulathiyyat

Muqaddamah fi Usul al-Hadith by Imam ‘Abd al-Haqq al-Muhaddith al-Dihlawi

From the introduction to my hopefully soon-to-be-published translation of the work:

The text before us, authored by the great 10th century (hijrī) ḥadīth master ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq ibn Sayf al-Dīn al-Dihlawī, was composed to serve as a prolegomena to Walī al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʿAbdullāh al-Khaṭīb al-Tabrīzī’s monumental collection of ḥadīth entitled Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ. Concise yet refreshingly lucid, Dihlawī authored the treatise to assist novices in ḥadīth studies during their highly technical lectures on the Mishkāt, at that time the most advanced textbook of ḥadīth studies in the Indian subcontinent.

Because it was not intended to encompass all the sciences of ḥadīth study, the text reads more as a glossary of ḥadīth-related terms and concepts than an in-depth analysis of the sciences of muṣtalaḥ (terminology), ʿilal (subtle ḥadīth defects), and jarḥ wa taʿdīl (narrator criticism). Dihlawī’s focus, therefore, is less on the history of ḥadīth studies and its most recognized personalities and more on the commonly-used terms scholars expected students to know in order to properly benefit from ḥadīth commentary and lectures. Of the ten chapters that comprise the book, therefore, only the last two deal with the various collections of ḥadīth and their comparative status.

Original Arabic text:

Muqaddamah fi Usul al-Hadith

“Chapters on the Prophetic Visitation” – Translation from I’la’ al-Sunan

asSalaamu Alaikum,

Brother Zameelur Rahman, may Allah (SWT) reward him abundantly, has completed the translation of the section al-Ziyarat al-Nabawiyyah from  اعلاء السن  I’la’ al-Sunan. Please view below to download the 30-page PDF document:

Chapters on the Prophetic Visitation – Translation from I’la’ al-Sunan

This monumental work, authored by Allamah Zafar Ahmad al-Uthmani al-Thanawi (ra), is a Hadith-based compendium of detailed evidences from which the rulings of the Hanafi madhhab are derived.

Preceding this chapter, Allamah Zafar Ahmad al-Uthmani (ra) writes,

“From the wondrous fortunes is the drafting of the chapter of visitation and its completion a year and some months before the completion of the chapters of Hajj in the illuminated [city of] Madinah, at the house of my master, our intimate guardian [Mawlana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri], facing the fragrant Rawdah and the illuminated prophetic mosque; and the writing of the last pages of it in the presence of the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) facing him while standing in front him, fearful and apprehensive of his gaze, with trembling hands due to recalling his eminence and loftiness. And all praise belongs to Allah, first and last, and blessings and peace be upon the Noble Prophet and his two companions and all his companions and his household, continuously and perpetually.”

Dars Nizami Book List and Downloads

I hope to be able to sort these books alphabetically and provide one post per book which would include all available editions. For now, I have simply listed the links to the Internet Archive where you can find the books organized in collections.

With help, I would also like to provide some posts that organize the books according to subject and also according to year of study in a typical Dars Nizami institution.

Collection 1

Collection 2

Collection 3

Collection 4

Collection 5

Collection 6

Collection 7

Collection 8

Collection 9

Collection 10

Collection 11

Collection 12

Collection 13

Collection 14

Collection 15

Dirasat fi Usul al-Hadith ‘ala Manhaj al-Hanafiyyah

One of the best works on Hanafi usul that has come out in a while, this book was written by a friend who graduated from the Hadith specialization course in Karachi supervised by my dear ustadh and shaykh, Mawlana ‘Abd al-Halim al-Nu’mani (may Allah elongate his life).

The book outlines the principles of hadith study explicated by the jurists of the Hanafi school and highlights the importance of understanding where the hadith transmitters (muhaddithun) diverged from the jurists (fuqaha’), and in particular the Hanafi jurists, in the principles of derivation of law from hadith.

It also examines the position of the early scholars of usul in the madhhab and which specific principles can be traced to each. An essential reading for any serious student of the madhhab, it is especially important because the chapter on Sunnah in books of usul al-fiqh is so often neglected.

Dirasat fi Usul al-Hadith ‘ala Manhaj al-Hanafiyyah

“The 15th of Sha`ban in the Light of Qur’an & Hadith” – by Shaykh Fazl-ur-Rahman al-Azami (db)

asSalaamu Alaikum,

“The 15th of Sha`ban in the Light of Qur’an & Sunnah” – by Shaykh Fazl-ur-Rahman al-Azami (db)

This small booklet, by al-Muhaddith Shaykh Fazl-ur-Rahman al-Azami (db), sheds light upon the 15th night of Sha`ban known as Laylat al-Bara’a (or Shab-e-Baraat as is known in Urdu). The Shaykh, may Allah (SWT) accept his efforts and lengthen his life, is presently one of the leading Hadith scholars. He is known to be the successor of the great researcher and scholar, al-Muhaddith al-Kabeer Shaykh Habeeb-ur-Rahman al-Azami (ra).

Many misconceptions, confusions, and baseless traditions circulate regarding Laylat al-Bara’a. Therefore, as is the case with great Ulama, Shaykh Fazl-ur-Rahman al-Azami (db) felt the pressing need to produce a well-researched treatise, in the form of this short and concise booklet, clarifying the issues regarding this night in the light of Qur’an and Sunnah.

The Shaykh concludes, in conformity with the research of other great scholars, that verily the 15th night of Sha`ban is a blessed night during which the special mercies and blessings of Allah (SWT) descend and countless individuals are emancipated from Jahnannum due to forgiveness from Allah (SWT). The Shaykh, however, adds that fasting on the 15th of Sha`ban is not from the Sunnah fasts and can only be regarded as a Nafl. He further refutes the baseless customs & traditions that have been falsely associated with this blessed night.

Details can be found in the PDF that is provided.

asSalaamu Alaikum.