A Key to the Abbreviation System for Authorities’ Names According to the Muta’akhkhirin

A Key to the Abbreviation System for Authorities’ Names According to the Muta’akhkhirin

One studying the works of the Shafi’i School’s later authorities will often find reference made to other scholars by a mere abbreviation. The following is a key to abbreviations commonly found:

عطية الله بن عطية البرهاني القاهري الأجهوري

أ ج Sh. Atiyyat Allah b. Atiyyah al-Burhani al-Qahiri al-Ujhuri (d. 1190) commented on Ibn al-Qasim al-Ghazzi. Also, he commented on Khatib’s Iqna’ under the title Fath al-Latif al-Mujib bi Ma Yata’allaqu bi Kitab Iqna’ al-Khatib. (Iqna’ is Khatib Shirbini’s commentary on Qadi Abu Shuja’s Ghayat al-Ikhtisar).

محمد بن منصور الإطفيحي

 أط or  أط فSh. Muhammad b. Mansur al-Itfihi (1032-1110) commented on Shaykh al-Islam’s Fath al-Wahhab.

برهان الدين إبراهيم بن محمد بن أحمد الباجوري أو البيجوري

با ج Sh. Burhan al-Din Ibrahim b. Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Bajuri or al-Bayjuri (1198-1277) was Shaykh al-Azhar and a Shafi’i faqih. He commented on Ibn al-Qasim al-Ghazzi.

سليمان بن محمد بن عمر البجيرمي

ب ج Sh. Sulayman b. Muhammad b. Umar al-Bujayrami (1131-1221) was an Egyptian faqih, born in the western Egyptian city of Bujayrm, he relocated to Cairo while still young. There, he studied at al-Azhar University. He authored al-Tajrid li Naf’ al-‘Abid which is a commentary on Fath al-Wahhab and Tuhfat al-Habib which is a commentary on Iqna’.

إبراهيم بن محمد البرماوي الأنصاري الأزهري

ب ر Sh. Ibrahim b. Muhammad al-Birmawi al-Ansari al-Azhari (d. 1106) commented on Ibn al-Qasim al-Ghazzi, which was published in 1287. It was published again in 1298, with the marginal notes of Muhammad al-Anbabi. Also, he commented on Fath al-Wahhab in two volumes, which has not been published. A manuscript of that work is located in Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyyah. He studied with Muhammad al-Shawbari and Sultan al-Mazzahi.

شهاب الدين أحمد بن محمد بن علي بن حجر الهيتمي الأنصاري

ح ج Sh. Shihab al-Din Ahmad b. Muhammad b. ‘Ali b. Hajar al-Haytami al-Ansari (909-974) wrote Tuhfat al-Muhtaj Sharh al-Minhaj, Fath al-Jawwad, al-Imdad Sharh al-Irshad, his Fatawa, al-I’ab Sharh al-‘Ubab, al-Minhaj al-Qawim, Ashraf al-Wasa’il, al-Fath al-Mubin, al-Minah al-Makkiyyah, al-Zawajir, and other valuable works. There are two collections of fatawa ascribed to Ibn Hajar, one under the title al-Fatawa al-Kubra al-Fiqhiyyah, published by Dar al-Fikr and others in four volumes. Also, there is one under the title al-Fatawa al-Hadithiyyah, published by Dar al-Fikr and others in a single volume.

شمس الدين محمد بن أحمد الشوبري

شوبري Sh. Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Shawbari (977-1069) was born in the western Egyptian city of Shawbar. He studied at al-Azhar University and passed away in Cairo.

Khidar al-Shawbari is mentioned to feature with his name abbreviated by خ ض or خضر. He was one of Zayyadi’s students. He authored a commentary on Fath al-Wahhab and another on Sharh al-Tahrir.

محمد بن سالم الحفني أو الحفناوي

ح ف  Sh. Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Salim al-Hafni or al-Hafnawi (1101-1181) wrote a hashiyah on Suyuti’s al-Jami’ al-Saghir and Bulaq printed it in two volumes in 1290. Also, he wrote a hashiyah on Ibn Hajar’s Sharh al-Hamziyyah which was printed in the margins of al-Minah al-Makkiyyah. He studied at al-Azhar University and eventually became Shaykh al-Azhar.

نور الدين علي بن إبراهيم بن أحمد الحلبي ثم القاهري

ح ل Sh. Abu al-Faraj Nur al-Din ‘Ali b. Ibrahim b. Ahmad al-Halabi al-Qahiri (975-1044) commented on Fath al-Wahhab and on Mahalli’s Sharh al-Waraqat.

عبد الحميد الشرواني الداغستاني

حميد  or  عيد Sh. Abd al-Hamid b. Husayn al-Sharwani al-Daghastani al-Makki (d. 1301) commented on Ibn Hajar’s Tuhfat al-Muhtaj.

شمس الدين محمد بن محمد الخطيب الشربيني

خ ط Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Khatib al-Shirbini (d. 977) commented on Ghayat al-Ikhtisar under the title al-Iqna’. Also, he commented on Shirazi’s Tanbih, and Imam Nawawi’s Minhaj al-Talibin under the title Mughni al-Muhtaj. He was a direct student of both Shaykh al-Islam Zakariyya al-Ansari and Shihab al-Dunya wa al-Din al-Ramli al-Kabir.

نور الدين علي بن يحيى الزيادي المصري

ز ي Sh. Nur al-Din Ali b. Yahya al-Zayyadi al-Misri (d. 1024) commented on both Fath al-Wahhab and Muharrar.

أبو العزائم سلطان بن أحمد بن سلامة بن إسماعيل المزاحي المصري

س ل Sh. Abu al-Aza’im Sultan b. Ahmad b. Salamah b. Ismail al-Mazzahi al-Misri (985-1075) commented on Fath al-Wahhab. Manuscript copies are lodged in the Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyyah.

شهاب الدين أحمد بن قاسم الصباغ العبادي المصري

سم Sh. Shihab al-Din Ahmad b. al-Qasim al-Sabbagh al-‘Abbadi al-Misri (d. 993) took from ‘Amirah. He authored al-Ayat al-Bayyinat which is a commentary on Sharh Jam’ al-Jawami’, a commentary on Imam al-Haramayn’s Waraqat, a commentary on Ibn Hajar’s Tuhfat al-Muhtaj, a commentary on Fath al-Wahhab, and Fath al-Ghaffar which is a commentary on Ghayat al-Ikhtisar. He passed away in Medina returning from Hajj.

عبد الله بن حجازي الشرقاوي الأزهري

ش ق Sh. Abd Allah b. Hijazi al-Sharqawi al-Azhari (1150-1227) memorized the Quran in his hometown before he set off to study at al-Azhar University. He became Shaykh al-Azhar in the year 1208. He wrote al-Tuhfat al-Bahiyyah fi Tabaqat al-Shafiyyah, a commentary on Sharh al-Tahrir, and Tuhfat al-Nazirin fi man Walla Misr min al-Wulat wa al-Salatin.

منصور الطبلاوي بن ناصر الدين محمد بن سالم الطبلاوي

طب Sh. Mansur b. (d. 1014) Sh. Nasir al-Din Muhammad b. Salim al-Tablawi (d. 966) authored Tajrid Hashiyat Ibn al-Qasim ala al-Tuhfah. He took fiqh from Ramli, sat in the company of Ibn al-Qasim al-‘Abbadi, and then Muhammad al-Shawbari took from him. And Nasir al-Din al-Tablawi authored a commentaries on al-Bahjat al-Wardiyyah, on ‘Abd al-Ghaffar al-Qazwini’s al-Hawi al-Saghir, and on Imam al-Haramayn’s Waraqat.

نور الدين علي بن علي الشبراملسي

ع ش Sh. Nur al-Din ‘Ali b. ‘Ali al-Shabramallisi (997-1087) hailed from the Egyptian city of Shabramallis. Even though he lost his eyesight as an infant, he still studied and taught at al-Azhar University. He authored commentaries on Ramli’s Nihayat al-Muhtaj, on Ibn Hajar’s Ashraf al-Wasa’il, on Ibn al-Qasim al-Ghazzi, and on Nihayat al-Sul.

شمس الدين محمد بن داود بن سليمان العناني

ع ن Sh. Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Dawud b. Sulayman al-‘Inani (d. 1098) authored Fath al-Karim al-Wahhab ala Sharh Tanqih al-Lubab and Hashiyat ala Umdat al-Rabih fi Marifat al-Tariq al-Wadih. Kattani mentioned that he took from ‘Ali al-Halabi who took from Ramli.

شهاب الدين أحمد بن أحمد بن سلامة القليوبي

ق ل Sh. Shihab al-Din Ahmad b. Ahmad b. Salamah al-Qalyubi (d. 1069) wrote commentaries on Sh. Jalal al-Din al-Mahalli’s Sharh Minhaj al-Talibin, on Sharh al-Tahrir, and on Ibn al-Qasim al-Ghazzi. Also, he authored a treatise under the title al-Hidayah min al-Dalalah on determining both the times and direction for prayers. He took both fiqh and hadith from Muhammad al-Ramli and sat in his company for three years. He also took from Zayyadi and ‘Ali al-Halabi. Ibrahim al-Birmawi took from him.

أبو الإقبال حسن بن علي بن أحمد المنطاوي الأزهري المدابغي

م د Sh. Abu al-Iqbal Hasan b. Ali b. Ahmad al-Mintawi al-Azhari al-Madabighi (d. 1170) wrote a commentary on Iqna’ under the title  Kifayat al-Labib, a commentary on Jam’ al-Jawami’, a commentary on Sharh al-Tahrir, a commentary on Abu al-Hasan al-Shadhili’s Hizb al-Bahr, a commentary on Ibn Hajar’s al-Fath al-Mubin which was printed in Cairo in 1307, and other works. In Taj al-‘Urus, it is mentioned that he lived a very long life [mu’ammar] and was sought after for having a high chain of transmission [‘uluw al-isnad].

شمس الدين محمد بن أحمد بن حمزة الرملي الشهير بالشافعي الصغير

م ر Sh. Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Hamzah al-Ramli (d. 1007) is also known as “al-Shafi’i al-Saghir.” In Shafi’i fiqh, he wrote Umdat al-Rabih, Ghayat al-Bayan Sharh Zubad Ibn Ruslan, and Nihayat al-Muhtaj Sharh al-Minhaj.

شهاب الدين أحمد بن حمز الرملي الكبير

الشهاب م ر Sh. Shihab al-Din Ahmad b. Hamzah al-Ramli al-Kabir (d. 973) commented on Ibn al-Imad’s Manzumah under the title Fath al-Jawwad and on Ibn Ruslan’s Zubad under the title Fath al-Rahman. There is also a compilation of his Fatawa related to have been transmitted by his son, Shams al-Din. In Shadharat al-Dhahab, Ibn al-‘Imad related that Khatib Shirbini compiled a collection of Shihab’s Fatawa. Perhaps, Shihab’s Fatawa was compiled by Khatib, and thereafter transmitted by Shams al-Din al-Ramli.

And Allah knows best.

Yaqub Abdurrahman

2 thoughts on “A Key to the Abbreviation System for Authorities’ Names According to the Muta’akhkhirin

  1. BarakAllahu bikum, this is very useful. In regrads to the first name on the list: Shaykh ^Atiyyah al-Burhaaniyy, I believe the nisbah is Al-Ujhuri (with a dammah) and not Al-Ajhuri (with a fathah) on the hamzah. Ujhoor or Ujhur is a village in Eygpt. Please correct me if I am wrong.

  2. Wa alaykum salam,

    In the edited al-Khaza’in al-Saniyyah, the name is featured with a fathah.

    In al-Daw’ al-Lami’, Hafiz Sakhawi mentions it with a dammah. He said,

    الأجهوري بضم الهمزة نسبة لأجهور

    Thus, a dammah is correct.

    al-Khaza’in al-Saniyyah was relied on for much of the post. If anyone notices anything else kindly let me know.

    JazakAllah khayran.

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